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How to write ABC's step by step



This Tutorial is written to give you an idea 
how to work with your students in teaching them
to recognize the Alphabet.



Here, your students will learn to trace the 
shapes of the Alphabet letters and how to write
them on paper.



They will understand the difference in capitals 
or upper case and lower case.



Practice your letters in the following manner. 
Have your student take his or her index finger 
and form the letters by tracing its shape over 
the flashcards according to the directions 
given below.



If your student already knows how to write 
the letters, then use pencil and paper to 
practice correct formation.

A	

Start at the top and go down the left side.

Start at the top again and go down the 
right side.

Cross the middle left to right.




B	

Start at the top and go down the left side.

Start at the top again and go down the 
right side.

Cross into the middle towards the left and 
pull back to the right.

Continue to follow the path down.



C	

Start at the right top and go down to the 
bottom right side.



D		

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start at the left top and go down the 
right side.



E	

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start again and move from top left to right.

Start again and move from middle left to right.

Start again and move from bottom left to right.



F	

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start again and move from top left to right.

Start again and move from middle left to right.




G		

Start at the top and go around towards the left.

Keep moving all around until the middle left.

At the middle, move out to the right.




H		

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start at the right top and go straight down.

Start again and move from middle left to right.



I	

Start at the top and go straight down.



J

Start at the middle top and go straight down 
rounding to the left.

At the left top, go straight across to the 
right.



K		

Start at the left top and go straight down.

At the right top, go straight down to the 
middle.

At the left middle, go straight down, 
again right.



L	

Start at the left top and go straight down.

At the left bottom, go across to the right.



A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L

Your student may be very young.  In this case, 
be sure to be willing to practice a little 
every day.  He or she will need continuity 
and security in the time, as his or her special
time, set aside.




M

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start at the right top and go straight down.

At the top left, go down to the middle right.

At the top right, go down to the middle left.



N	

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start at the right top and go straight down.

At the top left, go down to the bottom right.



O	

Start at the right side of the top and go left.

Keep going left until your starting point.



P

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start at the right top and go right around.



Q

Start at the right side of the top and go left.

Keep going left until your starting point.

At the 5:00 o'clock position, a little within 
the circle, begin a slanting line from 
left to right.



R	

Start at the left top and go straight down.

Start at the right top and go right around 
to the left middle.  

At the left middle, pull out to the right 
and down.



S	

Start at the right top.

Follow the letter all the way around to 
the left bottom.



T

Start at the middle top and go straight down.  

At the left top, go straight across to 
the right.



U

Start at the left top.

Follow the letter all the way around to the 
right top.



V	

Start at the left top and slant to the 
bottom middle point.

Start at the right top and slant to the 
bottom middle point.



W	

Start at the left top and go straight down.  

Start at the right top and go straight down.  	

At the bottom left, go up to the middle right.

At the middle right, go down to the bottom 
right.



X

Start at the left top and go right down.

Start at the right top and go left down, 
crossing in the middle.



Y

At the left top, go right down to the middle.  

At the right top, go left down crossing 
the middle.



Z


At the left top go across to the right.  

At the right top go down to the bottom left. 

At the bottom left go across right.



M  N  O  P  Q  R

Remember that it takes lots of practice when 
you are helping another to learn how to form 
the Alphabetic letters properly.  
You are also placing the sequential order in 
the mind of the student as he learns to make 
the letters from A to Z.



Likewise, remember that these letters have all 
been capital letters.  
Call them capital or uppercase letters.  
If your student is very young,  
you might want to explain that the capital 
letters are the mommy and daddy letters.  
The baby letters will come later.



When your student is able to write with a 
pencil, he or she should practice making 
letters in the same way.  If your student is 
allowed to form bad habits (like making his 
or her letters from the bottom up instead 
of top to bottom) it will affect his or her 
speed and accuracy later on when he or she 
is writing words.


T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

Teach your student to enjoy tracing his letters.
After you understand the correct formation, 
then make a game of it.  Tell your student that
his or her finger is a race car at the starting
point.  "Zoom! Zoom!" Trace your way down 
the path of the letter.



Get a box lid and fill it with salt.  
Have your student make the letters in
the salt box.  
Prevent your student from eating the salt 
because too much of it is not healthy.  
Just remember to correctly form your letters 
each time.



Don't forget to call each letter capital or 
uppercase.  Refer to them as letters of the 
Alphabet.  Say the letters from A to Z and 
point to the letters that you say.  This way 
your student, especially if very young, will 
begin to remember the letters in Alphabetical 
order.



Practice your letters in the following manner. 
Have your student take his or her pointing 
finger and form the letters inside the outline 
by tracing its shape according to the 
directions given below.





a


Start at the right top and go around until 
you meet your starting point. 
You are making an O.
Start at the top right and go straight down 
the right side.  You are making a straight 
line down the right side of the letter O.  
You started your line at the top and went 
all the way down.    
Some letters, like the one you may be viewing, 
have put a hat on the O with a line.  That is 
what generally shows up in textbooks for an "a".  
However, the O with the line down the right 
side is usually how a child is taught to make 
the letter "a" in school.  For our program your 
student may make the "a" either way.  

 



b


Start at the top and go all the way down 
the left side. Start at the left middle 
and go around to the left bottom.



c


Start at the right top and go down  
the bottom backside which is to the left 
and curl beneath to the right.




d	


Start at the right middle and go left around.  
Start at the right top and go straight 
down the right side.




e	


Start at the right middle, go up to the 
right top and go straight around.   
Start at the left middle and move from 
left to right.




f


Start at the right top and go left around, 
then straight down.  Start again and move 
across from middle left to right.




g


Start at the right top and go around towards 
the left.  Keep moving all around until the 
middle left.  Start at the right top and 
go straight down to the bottom, then 
circle around towards the left.




h


Start at the left top and go straight down.  
Start at the left middle, go around and down.




i


Start at the middle top, under the dot, 
and go straight down.  Now make a dot on top.





j



Start at the middle top under the dot, 
go straight down and around to the left.  
Then put a dot on top.




k


Start at the left top and go straight down.  
At the right top, go straight down to the 
middle.  At the left middle, go straight 
down, again right.




l


Start at the left top and go straight down.



a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k  l

Tell your students that these are the babies.  
Later, you may want to use the name 
upper case letters (capitals) 
and lower case letters (babies).



You may want to get some yarn and cut it 
into strips large enough to make letters.  
Your student may enjoy making letters by 
shaping the yarn.  Just try to be as 
accurate as possible in the formation.



Your student may have fun using finger paint 
on paper to make the letters. 
Just make sure that they are formed correctly.




m

Start at the left top and go straight down.
Once at the left bottom, go back up to the 
left top and circle around to the right as 
you go to the middle bottom. Now that you have 
arrived at the middle bottom, go straight back 
up the middle and circle around as you go down 
the right side. 

 

 

n 

 

Start at the left top and go 
straight down. Once at the left bottom, go 
back up to the left top and circle around 
to the right as you go to the bottom. 

 

 

o 

 

Start at the right side of the top and go left.
Keep going left until your starting point. 

 

 

p 

 

Start at the left top and go straight down. 
Start at the right top and go right around. 

 

 

 

q 

 

Start at the right side of the top and go left. 
Keep going left until about the 5:00 position 
on a clock. Start at the top left and go down. 

 

 

 

r 

 

Start at the left top and go straight down. 
Go back up the left side to the top and 
circle around to the right. 

 

 

 

s 

 

Start at the right top and follow the letter 
all the way around to the left bottom. 

 

 

 

t 

 

Start at the middle top and go straight down. 
At the left middle, go straight across to the 
right. 

 

 

u 

 

Start at the left top and follow the letter 
all the way around to the right top. 

 

 

v 

 

Start at the left top and slant to the 
bottom middle point. Start at the right top 
and slant to the bottom middle point. 

 

 

w 

 

Start at the left top and go straight down. 
Start at the right top and go straight down. 
At the bottom left, go up to the middle right. 
At the middle right, go down to the bottom 
right. 

 

 

x 

 

Start at the left top and go right down. 
Start at the right top and go left down. 
Cross in the middle. 

 

 

y 

 

At the left top, go right down to the middle. 
At the right top, go left down crossing the 
middle. 

 

 

z 

 

At the left top go across to the right. 
At the right top go down to the bottom left. 
At the bottom left go across right. 

m  n  o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v

Remember that your student will retain more 
and develop better writing habits if he or 
she is having fun practicing letter formation.



Don't forget to race cars.  
You may want to have horse races 
or turtle walks.  Ballerinas dancing or 
fairy princesses tiptoeing down the path of 
the letter is always interesting to little 
girls.  Cockroaches scurrying, cowboys roping, 
and monsters swimming are all ideas which 
appeal to little boys.  Remember,  the story 
is all with the imagination as the finger 
points the way down the path.




w  x  y  z

You may want to take tracing paper, 
place it over the letters and have your 
student trace them with crayon or pencil. 
This helps to encourage the desire to write.



You may want to get glue and glitter, 
mark your letter path with glue and sprinkle 
the glitter as you go.  If you do this on 
paper plates, you may want to place the 
plates in various parts of the house.   
Refer to them often and discuss each letter 
by its name.



Take buttons and make letters.  
You may prefer candy kisses or jelly beans. 
Even peanuts make good letters.  
Diced carrots are healthier to eat after 
a letter has been shaped.  
Always remember to properly form the 
letters, no matter what means you use 
to make them.



If you are a camera buff, take pictures of 
your student with the many varied shapes 
of home made letters.  Put the pictures in 
a scrapbook and refer to them often, calling 
the letters by name.





QUICK TIPS


Make the letters 
A, a, B, b, C, c, D, d, E, e, F, f, G, g, H, h, 
I, i, J, j, K, k, L, l, M, m, N, n, O, o, 
P, p, Q, q, R, r, S, s, T, t, U, u, V, v
W, w, X, x, Y, y, Z, z
in the air and on paper.  
When using paper, choose Crayon or pencil 
whichever is easier for your student.  
Always keep the sharp end pointing AWAY from 
your student's face!!!



PRACTICE WRITING! 
 Place a paper over the flashcard letters 
and trace them until independence is achieved 
using the following guidelines:



When learning to write your letters always  
start at the top and move your
pencil all the way down 

i.e.    /    (A)    \.

Start at the left side when there is more than one tall part to a letter

i.e. | - | (H).

Start at the top of all curved parts and follow the curve around

i.e. ( ) (O).

Remember the following clue words:

TOP! LEFT! FOLLOW THE CURVE!

The first letter in each word of the following sentence is a clue to remember.
TLFC means TOP! LEFT! FOLLOW THE CURVE!
Look at the first letter of each word in the following easy sentence to remember.
It should help you.

Tommy Loves Fat Cats!


Copyright  1997 by Bill and Janae Cooksey,  All rights reserved.  
No part of this material may be published in any form or by any means 
without permission in writing from the publisher.

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