BASIC ENGLISH GRAMMAR
By Janae Cooksey
State Certified Teacher
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Basic English Grammar is only offered free of charge to those who meet the following requirements:
Supervisors must have already enrolled in our USA Reading School and must be actively participating in our lessons. They must have students who have begun to show a mastery of Steps One and Two.
Students must have successfully completed our challenge test for entry directly into our Basic English Grammar course, even if they have not completed all the lessons of our phonics reading program.
ESL adult students who desire to learn the structure of the English language and who have a grasp of reading comprehension skills on a primary level or above, who have completed our challenge test will be accepted.
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Please look over the material given below before signing up. Determine from the examples given, if your student or students will be able to competently and easily apply the knowledge gained from lessons in this format:
WHAT YOU WILL TEACH:
1. Parts of Speech: Nouns
2. Parts of Speech: Pronouns
3. Parts of Speech: Verbs
4. Parts of Speech: Adjectives
5. Parts of Speech: Adverbs
6. Parts of Speech: Prepositions
7. Parts of Speech: Conjunctions
8. Parts of Speech: Interjections
9. Sentence Construction
There will be review, reinforcement, and tests.
The file is in pdf format. You will need Acrobat Reader 6.0 or higher.
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PARTIAL EXAMPLE OF ONE LESSON (Incomplete, of course!)
EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH
Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, Interjections
Adjectives describe nouns and Adverbs give more meaning to verbs, as a general rule. Examples of adjectives describing nouns are BLUE moon, GREEN grass, HAPPY child, SAD man. Examples of adverbs giving more meaning to verbs are laughed HEARTILY, sobbed VIOLENTLY, asked PERSISTENTLY, smiled SHYLY.
Although a correct sentence is made up of nouns, pronouns, verbs, and verb phrases, they do not give enough specific information nor do they present interesting sentences. They can be monotonous and repetitive, not at all challenging.
Nouns, pronouns, and verbs make a framework for a sentence but leaves nothing to the imagination for building onto that sentence. As you can see in the following examples:
When you have a skeleton sentence like any of the above sentences, it is usually necessary to add other parts of speech in order to make the meaning more clear.
You can add words to nouns and pronouns that tell what kind, what color, which one, etc. If you wanted to tell about a coat a woman was wearing, you would describe the coat in some way. You might even say that it was a brown coat, a fur coat, a raincoat, depending on the meaning you intended to convey. When you add words to describe nouns and pronouns, you give a clearer picture of what that noun or pronoun is like. Words which add new ideas to nouns and pronouns are called adjectives.
Adjectives not only describe by telling what kind or what color, but it may limit the meaning by telling which coat, whose coat, or the number of coats. For example: you might limit the meaning by saying that coat, John's coat, one coat, or several coats.
When you modify a noun or pronoun, you change the meaning slightly by describing or limiting the meaning to a certain kind or to a certain number.
ADJECTIVE BY DEFINITION MEANS TO MODIFY THE MEANING OF THE NOUN OR PRONOUN.
Example: blue hat (modifier = blue) (Blue modifies the noun hat by restricting its meaning and leaving out all other hats of a different color.)
*Enrolled students will receive the rest of this lesson which is not presented here.
PARTIAL EXAMPLES OF EXERCISES (Incomplete, of course!)
IDENTIFY THE PRONOUNS BY NAME, NUMBER, AND CLASSIFICATION (Personal or Possessive)
1. The brown dog barked at the him.
Pronouns: (1) him
EXERCISES TO DO
2. She wrote a letter to her about the gym at school when his swing broke
More exercises not given here
IDENTIFY THE ADJECTIVES BY NAME AND NUMBER
IDENTIFY THE WORDS WHICH THE ADJECTIVES MODIFY OR DESCRIBE
IDENTIFY ARTICLES AND THE WORDS THEY MODIFY
1. The lively, brown dog barked at the shy, withdrawn stranger.
Adjectives: (4) lively, brown (modifies dog) shy, withdrawn (modifies stranger)
Articles: The (dog), the (stranger)
EXERCISES TO DO
2. The green grass grew so fast that the gentle lady had no choice but to hire someone to mow her fast growing, beautiful yard.
More exercises not given here
PARTIAL EXAMPLE OF ONE TEST (Incomplete, of course!)
IDENTIFY ALL THE PARTS OF SPEECH
Identify EACH word in the paragraph below
That fat ostrich runs rapidly throughout the lush, green field. It has long skinny legs and it is so huge that it cannot easily fly, if at all. That funny, fat. large ostrich is as tall as the kitchen door in your brick house. My gosh! It might even be nine feet tall! Most birds have four toes but this ostrich only has two big toes, just like other birds of his kind before him. Did you know that an ostrich lays the largest, fattest eggs of all the birds? The ostrich is known to quickly hide its valuable eggs under the shifting sands.
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