1. What sound of G is like a dog's growl?
2. What sound of C is the sound of K?
3. When does G sound like J?
When it is SOFT
4. Write the words that have soft G.
girl, grumble, graduate, graduation, gum, gym, God, golden, gem, gone, gave, going, ginger, giant, good, gasp, giraffe, Genesis
gym, gem, ginger, giant, giraffe, Genesis
5. In a vowel combination, which vowel is the long vowel? Which one is silent?
FIRST IS LONG
SECOND IS SILENT
6. What is the rule for hard and soft sounds of G and C?
When the consonant c comes before a, o, u, say it with its k sound. When the consonant c comes before e, i, y, say it with its s sound.
When the consonant g comes before a, o, u, say it with its regular sound like grrr. When the consonant g comes before e, i, y, say it with its J sound.
7. What rule should be followed regarding Y when it follows a consonant in a word or when it follows a vowel?
When y follows a consonant in a word, say the sound of y as if it were long i.
When y follows a vowel in a word, do NOT say the sound of y at all. Instead, pronounce the vowel before the y with the sound of its name.
8. When may Y and W be considered vowels?
When they come at the end of a word or syllable.
9. What is the short vowel rule?
Short vowel rule: If a word, or syllable, has only one vowel that comes at the beginning of the word, or stands between two consonants, then that vowel usually has the short sound.
10. Explain the three long vowel rules and give three examples of each rule.
Examples may vary:
Long vowel rule No. 1: When two vowels stand together, the first vowel is usually long and the second one is silent. i.e. boat, wait, tree, glue, tied.
Long vowel rule No. 2: When the word, or syllable, has a vowel that comes at the end, it usually is long. i.e. she, go, hi, me.
Long vowel rule No. 3: When a word, or syllable, ends with vowel/consonant/vowel and the final vowel is an e, then the first vowel is usually long. i.e. fine, cane, mete, home, huge.