MEMORIZE THE MATERIAL GIVEN BELOW
SAMPLES: sh, ch, tch, th, ck, wh, gh, gn, kn, ph
shut, chop, fetch, them, lick, when, ghost, gnat, know, phone
Blends are TWO or more consonants that come together to make a harmonious sound that is so compatible to the pleasure of a listening ear that it sounds as if one part easily flows into the other.
SAMPLES: br, cr, dr, fr, gr, tr, str, sn, sp, st, sw, sm, tw, bl, cl, fl, gl, pl
bread, cross, drive, from, grow, tried, string, snap, spin, stop, swing, small, twin, blend, clean, flash, glass, plan
Vowel Combinations are vowels that pair up, side by side, making the LONG sound of the first vowel. The second vowel remains silent.
SAMPLES: ee, ea, ai, ay, oa
tree, heat, maid, say, boat
Vowel Diphthongs are two vowels which come together to make up a sound UNLIKE the regular sound of either vowel.
SAMPLES: aw, ew, ow, ou, oi, oy
paw, few, how, pout, noise, boy
R controlled vowels are vowels that TRY to make its own sound but get swallowed up by the influence of the R which follows it.
SAMPLES: ar, er, ir, or, ur, ire, are, air, ore, ure
star, her, bird, cord, hurt, fire, dare, chair, store, lure
Split Vowels with silent e are those vowels that precede a consonant which is followed by the final vowel (E) in a word. The vowel before the consonant makes the sound of a LONG vowel sound while the E following the consonant is silent. SAMPLES: ine, one, ime, ate, ame
fine, bone, shine, crime, hate, came
Ending Sounds are those parts of a word that come at the end and are usually repeated in many other words.
SAMPLES: ing, ss, ll, ang, alk, amp, ind, ight, y, ice, our, out
sing, class, fall, bang, walk, lamp, find, light, pretty, nice, hour, pout
Long and Short oo are the LONG and SHORT sounds of the vowel combination OO.
LONG: doom, moon, spoon, swoon
SHORT: book, hook, look, cook
Hard and Soft G and C are those sounds of G and C which SOUND hard or soft. The hard sound of G is like a dog's growl, grrrr while the hard sound of C is the sound of K. The soft sound of G is the same as the sound of J while the soft sound of C is the same sound as you hear in S. Normally, they follow certain rules for sounding as they do. (See the section on Rules for more information)
SAMPLES: g, c Hard g and c
gum, good, God, come, can, catch
Soft g and c
gym, ginger, gem, cylinder, cyst, cider